Balance & Fall Prevention Melissa, TX

Balance & Fall Prevention

A balance problem exists when an individual has difficulty maintaining a stable and upright position. A range of factors can cause balance problems, including muscle weakness, joint stiffness, inner ear problems (vestibular), certain medications, lack of activity/sedentary lifestyle, certain medical conditions, or simple aging.

How Can a Physical Therapist Help?

Our physical therapists can help treat your balance problems based on an evaluation of multiple systems of the body – muscles, joints, inner ear, eye-tracking ability, skin sensation, and position awareness in the joints (proprioception). Physical therapists are experts in prescribing physical movements and exercise to improve these systems, including strengthening, stretching, proprioception exercises, visual tracking, and inner ear retraining by designing an individualized treatment program to address your specific needs, including exercises you can do at home.

Your physical therapist may recommend that you consult with other medical providers, including:

  • An eye doctor, to check your current vision needs.
  • An ear doctor, to check your outer and inner ear status.
  • Your personal physician, to review your current medications to see if any of them may be affecting your balance.

We can help you:

Reduce Fall Risk. Your physical therapist will visit with you to assess problem footwear and possible household hazards like loose rugs, poor lighting, unrestrained pets, or other possible obstacles that may increase the risks of falling. Your physical therapist will take the time to explain to you how to best manage your own risks for falling.

Reduce Fear of Falling. By addressing specific problems that are found during the examination and talking with about any fear of falling that you have, we can help you regain confidence in your balance and ability to move freely and perform daily activities.

Improve Mobility and Balance. Your physical therapist will help you regain the ability to move around with more ease, coordination, and confidence by developing an individualized treatment and exercise program to gradually build your strength and movement skills and improve your balance.

Improve Strength. Your physical therapist will teach you exercises to address muscle weakness or to improve your overall muscle strength. Strengthening exercises are a key element of fall prevention when they are done in conjunction with balance training.

Improve Flexibility and Posture. Your physical therapist will determine if any of your major muscles are tight, and teach you how to gently stretch them. The physical therapist will also assess your posture, and teach you exercises to improve your ability to maintain proper posture. Good posture can improve your balance.

Increase Activity Levels. Your physical therapist will discuss activity goals with you, and design an exercise program to address your individual needs and goals. Your physical therapist will help you reach those goals in the safest, fastest, and most effective way possible.

Do More Than One Thing at the Same Time – Safely To help increase your safety during daily activities, your physical therapist can design a “dual-task” training program. This kind of training will challenge you to maintain walking speed while you do another task, such as counting backwards, engaging in a conversation, or carrying a bag of groceries.